We started with the colour wheel such as the one below and examined the relationship between the colours:
These being colours which are opposite each other and achieve harmony, where compositionally, when they are pure, they achieve maximum effect.
I learnt that Goethe had assigned values to the six colours in the wheel above which resulted in the following ratios:
Red : Green 1:1
Orange : Blue 1:2
Yellow : Violet 1:3
I saw in practice that this was very much the case in the real world which I observed when searching for suitable images.
These are colours which are adjacent to each other and it is easy to see how they work effectively. In particular where the Violet, Blue and Green part of the wheel is classified as 'cool' and yellow, orange and red are 'warm'. Examples of the use of these colours is seen in architecture and in the way office and other working space is painted.
A strong contrast is achieved by colours which are a third of the way across the wheel from each other. So Red and Yellow, Orange and Violet, Yellow and Blue (one of my favourite combinations), Green and Violet and Blue and Red. These can be very effective in providing eye-catching design and this is where their appeal lies.
Very much used in design, colour accent is the placement of a small patch of colour in an area of largely different colour.
In Assignment 3 I am seeking to demonstrate my understanding of the relationships in the 4 classes defined above, taking 4 images for each.
Colour harmony through complementary colours
|ISO 200, 300mm, f/9.5, 1/180|
|ISO 2500, 105mm, f/4.5, 1/10sec|
|ISO 200, 88mm, f/22, 1/60 sec|
|ISO 200, 105mm, f/5.6, 1/500 sec|
Colour harmony through similar colours
|ISO 400, 28mm, f/9.0, 1/50 sec|
|ISO 200, 105mm, f/4.0, 1/2000 sec|
|ISO 100, 100mm, f/8.0, 1/125 sec|
|Port and cheese|
The colours, as shown in the abstract are all adjacent, the red of the port, orange of the board and part of the cheese, with the rest being yellow. Also, there is the orange of the reflection on the bottle. All is working in harmony, with the proportions seeming to be appropriate.
|ISO 100, 105mm, f/10, 1/125 sec|
Colour contrast through contrasting colours.
|ISO 100, 105mm, f/4.0, 1/750sec|
|Bird of Paradise|
|ISO 200, 400mm, f/14, 1/200sec|
There are two elements on this image, the yellow of the aircraft and the blue sky, with essentially 3 blocks giving the balance.
|ISO 400, 24mm, f/16, 1/180 sec|
Balance here is achieved through the two blocks, one being the tower and the other being the sky and white cloud to the left. The angle of the tower gives movement bottom left to top right.
|ISO 200, 300mm, f/7.1, 1/50 sec|
Colour accent using any combination
|ISO 200, 135mm, f/8.0, 1/250 sec|
|ISO 1600, 105mm, f/9.0, 1/125|
|ISO 200, 105mm, f/16, 1/60 sec|
|ISO 100, 100mm, f/8.0, 1/180 sec|